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Teachers must learn about the communities where they work. Researchers have argued that the overall impact of CRT will be minimal if [non-local] teachers do not acquire the knowledge and skills needed to integrate and reinforce local community cultural norms in the classroom. Some research has shown a high correlation between teachers’ awareness, understanding, and appreciation of cultural knowledge and students’ successful academic performance.

Teacher Knowledge

  • How much do I know about my students?

  • Do my students know that I care about them?

  • Do my actions align with my intentions, meaning do students actually experience what I am trying to convey?

  • Am I kind to students?

  • Do I care about their lives and their families?

  • Since communities are ever evolving, how I can incorporate ways for students to share about themselves and their communities in my classroom?

  • How do I intentionally and authentically learn about people (outside of just reading books)?

Guiding Teacher Reflection Questions

The Pueblo Revolt [Liebmann, M. Ferguson, T.J., Preucel, R. Pueblo Settlement, Architecture, and Social Change in the Pueblo Revolt Era, A.D. 1680 to 1696. Journal of Field Archaeology, Vol. 30, No. 1 (Spring, 2005), pp. 45-60. Boston University. ]

NM Specific

Greater teacher understanding of cultural knowledge has a positive impact on communities.8

The Impact of Professional Development and Indigenous Education Officers on Australian Teachers’ Indigenous Teaching and Learning.


Craven, 2014. 

   Teacher Knowledge: Agbo, 2001; Klug & Whitfield, 2003; Tippeconnic, 2000). (Butterfield, 1994). (U.S. Department of Education, 2001).

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